Nitty Gritty Law Library


       Wise men are instructed by reason;
       Men of less understanding, by experience;
       The most ignorant, by necessity;
       The beasts by nature.
       Letters to Atticus[?], Marcus Tullius Cicero
Serenity Prayer
Health Without good health, nothing else is important.
Attitude A positive attitude is absolutely necessary for winning.
Introduction to Common Law Lecture (4 hours)
Language and Dictionaries Which English language do you speak?
Honor & Dishonor
Who are the People in the Preamble?
People or citizen? Which one are you?
Bill of Rights All rights are available to the People of the U.S.
     But, only some privileges (not rights) are granted to U.S. citizens.
Sovereignty -- notes and case law. sovereignty lecture (8 hours)
              SOVEREIGN: "The person or body having independent and supreme authority."
Websters New International Dictionary, Second Edition (1953), Page 2406
   In other words, a sovereign is not accountable to higher authority.

   The Constitution for the United States of America, Preamble, acknowledges the people as the creators of the United States of America. A "people" is "sovereign"

   PREAMBLE. "We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America."
   There is nothing in the Constitution that authorizes the created entity to commandeer its creator. The USA is specifically restricted:
   AMENDMENT IX. "The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people."
   AMENDMENT X. "The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people."

   NOTE WELL! In legal proceedings, only identify yourself as a people. Never identify yourself as a citizen or as a "sovereign-citizen". A people, i.e. a sovereign, is the "independent and supreme authority". A citizen is a subject, i.e. a slave to higher authority.
   AMENDMENT XIV. "Sect. 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. ..."    Remember, you are foremost a people, but you can be a citizen for some purposes, and a not a citizen for other purposes. The choice is yours to decide anytime, whenever you wish.

   As one of the people you have all natural rights. You are entitled to all the rights which formerly belonged to the King by his prerogative (so long as you do not encroach on the sovereignty of another). You are outside and above the Constitution. Not all of the Bill of Rights [First 10 Amendments of Constitution] apply to citizens. "Civil Rights" are actually "Roman Civil Law / Civil Privileges" defined by statute for the citizens.